West Beijing imperial garden, known as Three Hills and Five Gardens said it.
Unfortunately, the five parks in the Summer Palace, Chang Chun, Providence Park, Jingming Garden, because of British and French troops, Allied Forces looted, burned, and more has not kept, with only the late Qing Dynasty reconstruction of the Summer Palace. Recently, the only existing copies in the Late Qing map "from Xiangshan map" appeared in the auction, this booklet is considered to be the Empress Dowager Cixi carry Xiangshan travel brochures, it clearly restored, demonstrating Jingxi human geography late Qing Dynasty, but also allow people to three Hills and five Gardens glimpse of the true capacity. Reading this booklet, "Xiangshan journey map" painted in great detail, along the Royal Road to the North Sea south gate, over Jin Ao, the Imperial River bridge by Chang Chun (more than figure only base address), the Summer Palace & hellip; & hellip; and then to Xiangshan Providence Park.
Imagine, then to Providence Park Empress tea, taking precisely this Royal Road.
Expert judgment, "Xiangshan journey map" for the court painting painted bodies wishful Hall, is the Emperor, the Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Yu Lan’s map, contains a wealth of history, geography, water conservancy, drawing information, the study of Beijing history, folklore , buildings, rivers, landscape, vegetation and even has a great value. Since the two sides were no Forbidden City with the money collection can be described as the only existing copies secrets survive in the world.
Rong Bao Zhai team all attractions figures show has done a detailed analysis, including the completion of construction, prosperity, plundered and then burned the reconstruction process.
After carding, drawing this time is accurate to a very small range. Painting Summer Palace new palace, completed in 1891; the painting of the Navy Yamen, was founded in 1885, to the 1895 abolition; can be seen, this figure should be the new palace after the 1891 Summer, 1895 Navy Yamen before abolition, Summer Palace painted when secondary completion. In addition, the book also appeared in various forms of the towers, train tracks, arches and some exist only in a particular historical period scenery.
For example, Manjuji was rebuilt in 1894, 1900 and burned the Boxer Rebellion.
Providence Park "from Xiangshan map" in. When the drawing, Providence Park has been destroyed over, but the painting presented Providence Park is also very complete.
This is also seen from the side of the ideal artist of some recovery, hope things are complete.
Providence Park Xiangshan Zhao Temple destroyed after glow.
Thomas Childs was taken in 1870, 1891 and 1895 this very special time of the drawing.
In 1860 British and French forces invade Beijing for the first time, on the right Yuanmingyuan, Chang Chun, Jingming Garden, the Summer Palace (Qing Yi Park) were looted, burned, also organized 500 people in the name of the spring tour of three mountains in the five parks Finally, a royal garden Lin Jingyi garden were looted.
Between 1860 and 1900, the Qing court to the Summer Palace, Yuanmingyuan was a partial reconstruction, a period regarded as the last Chinese imperial gardens peak construction, Allied Forces invaded until finally silence.
Before some of the information recorded in said Providence Park since 1860 decline, only to rebuild until the 1949. But in the "Fragrant journey map", but depicting panoramic Providence Park, including the Orient House door, new palace, North palace, file room, is relatively intact. To this end, Rong Bao Zhai special inspection team of the Taipei Palace Museum "Providence Park has various repair work Calligraphists single." It turned out that between 1888 and 1900, when Empress rebuilt the Summer Palace, incidentally on the Providence Park conducted by the Ray family style secondary rebuilt.
Atlas literature and reflection, the Providence Park history to be rebuilt surfaced. "Fragrant FIG distance" appearing changes before and after the white line of the arch. Royal Road between the two arch 历代帝王庙 Edit marks. Can generally be assumed that after the first painter unfinished Royal Road, drew St. Paul, St. Paul found the location of the painting is inappropriate, then re-take the white powder painted Royal Road.
"Xiangshan journey map" there is a feature that a large number of yellow paste, which is a form of court paintings and maps specific.
Yellow stickers on the lower case are neat, visually tell the name of the viewer in Figure buildings, and even distance. It is noteworthy that, Qing painter when drawing the map, with the scientific surveying instruments, by no means imagined. Map ancient map.
17th century, Western missionaries brought a new mapping method. On this basis, the Qing Dynasty organizational latitude and longitude measurement and triangulation, has drawn "Huang Yu full view map", "Huang Yu map" "map in the House," is an important period for the development of Chinese cartography. Train tracks "from Xiangshan map" in. Guangxu fourteen years (1888) built Ziguangge railway is China’s first railway Royal Queen, is about 1,500 meters.
Empress Dowager Cixi every day train ride to and from the instrument Luang temple and the North Sea clear mirror fasting, and this railway roadbed and tracks are active, Royal Road to facilitate traffic traveling.
"Xiangshan journey map" Summer Palace new palace. Figure paddy rice is called West Beijing Yuquan Hill was the most famous of rice, is the Qing emperor to bring back from the south. From now painting the figure of irrigation water situation without planting and harvesting to speculate, it should be painted in early spring, before planting a scene that is not planting.
"Xiangshan journey map" belongs to the image of the painting, depicting prominent Royal Road, bridges, villages, ferry, inn, pond shops, government offices, each road are annotation mileage, reflects the inheritance and change of ancient and modern roads. Figure to mountains, rivers, cities, building the basic elements of plot focuses link road between the towns, in order to reflect the experience when traveling along the road to watch both sides.
Empress throne boats on the river. Palace Museum Research Librarian Creek Weng even said that compared reel, line book is clearly more accessible, "Xiangshan journey map" passed along Composition mid-Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi’s southern tour map, is currently the only wire-bound domestic clearing house within the painting to see the map .
Peking University School of Architecture and Landscape Design Associate Professor Li Xi believes that "Xiangshan journey map" is likely to be the Empress Dowager Cixi Travel Guide travel carry.
Source: Beijing Daily reporter: Sun Ye / text in Arts / flow diagram editor: u062.